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17 Research products (1 rule applied)

  • Heritage Science
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Cavalieri, Marco; Archaeologiae. Una storia al plurale. Studi e ricerche in memoria di Sara Santoro;

    È meno noto, tra i numerosi orizzonti d’interesse coltivati da Sara Santoro, il suo coinvolgimento verso non solo l’attività di ricerca archeologica ma anche di conservazione e valorizzazione dei Beni Culturali. A tal riguardo tra i vari momenti di sintesi che più l’occuparono e che lasciarono il segno nel dibattito successivo fu, all’inizio degli anni 2000, lo studio di soluzioni conservative, presentando una prima banca dati delle coperture di aree archeologiche con soluzioni innovative in termini di materiali, costi, impatto ambientale ed efficacia conservativa. Per tal motivo si è deciso di presentare una relazione che tratti del tema della progettazione e della valorizzazione di un bene archeologico, la villa di Aiano, in Toscana, che da una decina d’anni è oggetto di studio da parte dell’UCLouvain. Ad Aiano (San Gimignano – Siena) il paesaggio naturale che circonda l’area dello scavo è di indiscutibile bellezza e integrità. Ciò rende particolarmente difficile e delicato qualsiasi tipo di intervento mirato a proteggere l’area archeologica e a valorizzarla per una sua apertura al pubblico. Si tratta di una duplice difficoltà: una legata al rapporto con il contesto naturale e alla capacità di integrare le nuove strutture nel paesaggio rurale esistente; l’altra al più diretto rapporto con le testimonianze murarie, come necessità di non alterarne la percezione – casomai favorirla – oltre a rispettare e conservare appieno la loro consistenza fisica e materiale e la loro complessiva configurazione morfologica. In questi casi la strada per procedere va rintracciata nella ‘leggerezza’, utilizzata alla scala del paesaggio ma espressa anche attraverso l’uso dei materiali impiegati. Il nuovo architettonico deve offrire rispetto e cercare dialogo, evitando ogni forma di prevaricazione e arroganza. La coabitazione e convivenza tra una struttura contemporanea e un paesaggio antico è possibile solo se si sceglie il linguaggio della semplicità, vale a dire ci si esprime con soluzioni misurate alle necessità, utilizzando un lessico essenziale e privo di eccessi formalistici. Nel caso di Aiano si è scelta la semplicità del legno. Un percorso parabolico in pianta (una passerella), adatto a ricevere una completa visione del sito e superare i dislivelli e la pendenza del terreno. Inoltre parte del percorso stesso e una notevole porzione dello scavo saranno protetti da una copertura, parzialmente trasparente, posata su una struttura reticolare spaziale in acciaio o alluminio. Ovviamente il legno, più di altri materiali, pone problemi di durata e necessità di manutenzione che si trasformano, nel tempo, in costi. Tale problema troverà una possibile soluzione attraverso il recupero di un’antica tecnica giapponese, il Shou Sugi Ban, utile a proteggere il legno a mezzo di un processo superficiale di carbonizzazione. La maggiore fonte di costo nell’applicazione di questa tecnica è costituita evidentemente dalla mano d’opera necessaria. E proprio in tale fase s’inserisce la valenza civica e sociale del progetto: il Comune di San Gimignano ospita nel suo territorio un piccolo numero di profughi immigrati in attesa di asilo, desiderosi di impiegare in maniera proficua la loro giornata. Tale disponibilità costituirà la sintesi di due azioni: una partecipazione attiva alla realizzazione del progetto e conseguentemente alla sostenibilità del suo costo; l’altra, di accoglienza ed integrazione, attraverso un inserimento non astratto dentro un percorso lavorativo mirato allo specifica e concreta realizzazione di un progetto culturale di valenza pubblica. Una dimensione della ricerca integrata in cui già Sara Santoro fu pioniera.

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    Authors: Drolet, Elizabeth Johnson;

    This paper investigates the effects of heavy shell deposits on the condition of low-fired ceramics using the Late Archaic fiber-tempered assemblage from St. Catherines Island, Georgia. Through combined non-destructive analytical techniques, including variable pressure scanning electron microscopy (VPSEM) and portable X-ray florescence spectroscopy (pXRF), the structural, chemical, and physical deterioration is examined. This study seeks to determine the efficacy and limitations of non-destructive analysis in the investigation of deterioration processes. Limited destructive analysis using thin-section petrography is employed to complement the non-destructive testing. The condition of ceramics recovered from dense shell deposits is compared with those from shell-free areas of the site. The paper discusses the effect that the burial environment has on changes in preservation, as well as the consequences that these changes have on the excavation, storage, and analysis of these materials.

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    Authors: Jenkins, Skyler;

    Bioapatite or hydroxyapatite (HAP) is a biocomposite and the main component of hard tissues such as bones and teeth. Owing to its unique physical and chemical properties, synthetically produced hydroxyapatite has found extensive applications in medicine and dentistry. More recently, the direct in situ formation of hydroxyapatite through reaction chemistries between calcium-rich matrices in stone, wall paintings, and bone, and ammonium phosphate precursors induced via a wet-chemistry route, has been explored as a potential inorganic mineral consolidant for cultural heritage artifacts. Building on previous studies, this research tests a new multi-step process to control the deposition, crystal formation and growth of HAP on archaeological bone, through the application of calcium hydroxide colloids, collagen, and diammonium phosphate precursors. Here we describe the step-by-step approach for the application of precursors, formation of HAP and the methods of evaluation based on the characterization of the chemistry and microstructure of pre-consolidated and consolidated bone, and the evaluation of optical and mechanical properties of consolidated samples.

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    Authors: Chris Cleere;

    This paper describes the conservation of 'L'Innocenza Perduta (Lost Innocence)', a marble statue by the Florentine sculptor Emilio Santarelli. As the statue is on open display at University College London and is accessible to the public, it has been vulnerable to destructive elements, including airborne pollutants and vandalism. Cleaning was done by steam and poultice. However, during the cleaning process it became clear that the capital and plinth required more complicated conservation treatments due to considerable cracking of the stone.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Journal of Conservat...arrow_drop_down
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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
    Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Journal of Conservat...arrow_drop_down
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      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
      Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Rosa Lasaponara; Beniamino Murgante; Abdelaziz Elfadaly; Mohamad Molaei Qelichi; +3 Authors

    Instrumental to the concept of sustainability must be the search for feasible ways to implement sustainability, especially connecting heritage and tourism. This should be understood in relationship with the persistence in time and the current and future conception of the human-made environment. This study deals with the spatial characterization over time of the urban sprawl close to and around two important archaeological areas: Kom el Shoqafa, Egypt and Shush, Iran. For both of the investigated sites, change detection analyses have been conducted using satellite declassified Corona and multidate Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery available for free from the USGS Earth Explorer. The study involves the collection of Corona 1964, Landsat TM 1984, Landsat ETM+ 1998 and L8 2016. The past and current urban and agricultural areas have been extracted by using consolidated classification techniques. Analyses and quantification of the spatial dimension of the urban expansion showed that, for both the study sites, urban areas have expanded to a significant percentage. In particular, the analysis of Corona and Landsat TM, ETM+, L8 imagery in Kom el Shoqafa revealed that, for the urban area, the evaluation of the change detection presented generally increasing chronology in both of the study areas, but for the agriculture lands, we can see that the changes sometimes decreased and sometimes increased. As a whole, outputs from our investigations clearly highlight that the current availability free of charge of long term satellite time series provides an excellent low cost tool for several applications including environmental monitoring and change detection to observe and quantify urban and land use changes from a global down to a local scale. We examine the capabilities of integrating remote sensing and GIS and suggest some innovative solutions to preserve the archaeological sites.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Sustainabilityarrow_drop_down
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    Sustainability
    Other literature type . Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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    Sustainability
    Article
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    CNR ExploRA
    Article . 2017
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    Sustainability
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
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      Sustainability
      Other literature type . Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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      CNR ExploRA
      Article . 2017
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      Article . 2017
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    Authors: Aslan, Zaki;

    A critical review of the effectiveness of shelters or enclosed buildings as a means of preserving 'in situ' archaeological features is required. This paper identifies some of the key problems related to site preservation and the use of built structures, as well as an assessment of selected examples of both shelters and enclosures. From these examples a range of problems, from practical to aesthetic, are identified. The need to establish guidelines and planning procedures for design and implementation for future projects is highlighted and suggestions for future study and design modification are given.

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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
    Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
      Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: BALZANI MARCELLO; MAIETTI FEDERICA; N. SANTOPUOLI;

    The project had as primary objectives the safeguarding of architectural remains and the experimentation with restoration methodologies and materials. The restoration works addressed a number of facades along the stretch of the Decumanus Maximus known today as via dell'Abbondanza. After the collection of numerous notes from previous archaeological investigations and from visual inspections about architectural morphology, materials and state of conservation, surveys of ancient facades were carried out and measurement data were collected. The survey by means of 3D laser scanner of the varied and complex architectures have been characterized by an attempt to focus efforts on contributing representational knowledge of the existing site elements.

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    Authors: Brysbaert, Ann;

    A late bronze age sickle was found at Shinewater Park, Sussex, England in 1995. A thoroughly researched conservation plan was required in order to meet the display conditions of the receiving museum and to meet the high standards required by the specialists involved in the treatment of this unique sickle. The sickle was lifted in a block of soil and then cleaned while still waterlogged. This was the initial step of treatment before the proper investigation and condition assessment could be initiated. After thorough discussion and research on possible treatment options, the alcohol-ether treatment was decided upon, a three-dimensional mould was produced and a design for a display mount was suggested. The necessary communication with specialists from several fields was very enriching, as was the depth of research which went into every step of the treatment process of the sickle.

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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
    Article . 1998 . Peer-reviewed
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      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
      Article . 1998 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Faltermeier, Robert B.;

    This is a synopsis of the Ph.D. research undertaken at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London. The aim was to evaluate corrosion inhibitors for use in the conservation of copper and copper alloy archaeological artefacts. The objective of this work was to acquire an insight into the performance of copper corrosion inhibitors, when applied to archaeological copper.

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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
    Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
      Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Angelini, EMMA PAOLA MARIA VIRGINIA; Grassini, Sabrina; Peters, MANUEL JACQUES HELENA;
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17 Research products (1 rule applied)
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Cavalieri, Marco; Archaeologiae. Una storia al plurale. Studi e ricerche in memoria di Sara Santoro;

    È meno noto, tra i numerosi orizzonti d’interesse coltivati da Sara Santoro, il suo coinvolgimento verso non solo l’attività di ricerca archeologica ma anche di conservazione e valorizzazione dei Beni Culturali. A tal riguardo tra i vari momenti di sintesi che più l’occuparono e che lasciarono il segno nel dibattito successivo fu, all’inizio degli anni 2000, lo studio di soluzioni conservative, presentando una prima banca dati delle coperture di aree archeologiche con soluzioni innovative in termini di materiali, costi, impatto ambientale ed efficacia conservativa. Per tal motivo si è deciso di presentare una relazione che tratti del tema della progettazione e della valorizzazione di un bene archeologico, la villa di Aiano, in Toscana, che da una decina d’anni è oggetto di studio da parte dell’UCLouvain. Ad Aiano (San Gimignano – Siena) il paesaggio naturale che circonda l’area dello scavo è di indiscutibile bellezza e integrità. Ciò rende particolarmente difficile e delicato qualsiasi tipo di intervento mirato a proteggere l’area archeologica e a valorizzarla per una sua apertura al pubblico. Si tratta di una duplice difficoltà: una legata al rapporto con il contesto naturale e alla capacità di integrare le nuove strutture nel paesaggio rurale esistente; l’altra al più diretto rapporto con le testimonianze murarie, come necessità di non alterarne la percezione – casomai favorirla – oltre a rispettare e conservare appieno la loro consistenza fisica e materiale e la loro complessiva configurazione morfologica. In questi casi la strada per procedere va rintracciata nella ‘leggerezza’, utilizzata alla scala del paesaggio ma espressa anche attraverso l’uso dei materiali impiegati. Il nuovo architettonico deve offrire rispetto e cercare dialogo, evitando ogni forma di prevaricazione e arroganza. La coabitazione e convivenza tra una struttura contemporanea e un paesaggio antico è possibile solo se si sceglie il linguaggio della semplicità, vale a dire ci si esprime con soluzioni misurate alle necessità, utilizzando un lessico essenziale e privo di eccessi formalistici. Nel caso di Aiano si è scelta la semplicità del legno. Un percorso parabolico in pianta (una passerella), adatto a ricevere una completa visione del sito e superare i dislivelli e la pendenza del terreno. Inoltre parte del percorso stesso e una notevole porzione dello scavo saranno protetti da una copertura, parzialmente trasparente, posata su una struttura reticolare spaziale in acciaio o alluminio. Ovviamente il legno, più di altri materiali, pone problemi di durata e necessità di manutenzione che si trasformano, nel tempo, in costi. Tale problema troverà una possibile soluzione attraverso il recupero di un’antica tecnica giapponese, il Shou Sugi Ban, utile a proteggere il legno a mezzo di un processo superficiale di carbonizzazione. La maggiore fonte di costo nell’applicazione di questa tecnica è costituita evidentemente dalla mano d’opera necessaria. E proprio in tale fase s’inserisce la valenza civica e sociale del progetto: il Comune di San Gimignano ospita nel suo territorio un piccolo numero di profughi immigrati in attesa di asilo, desiderosi di impiegare in maniera proficua la loro giornata. Tale disponibilità costituirà la sintesi di due azioni: una partecipazione attiva alla realizzazione del progetto e conseguentemente alla sostenibilità del suo costo; l’altra, di accoglienza ed integrazione, attraverso un inserimento non astratto dentro un percorso lavorativo mirato allo specifica e concreta realizzazione di un progetto culturale di valenza pubblica. Una dimensione della ricerca integrata in cui già Sara Santoro fu pioniera.

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    Authors: Drolet, Elizabeth Johnson;

    This paper investigates the effects of heavy shell deposits on the condition of low-fired ceramics using the Late Archaic fiber-tempered assemblage from St. Catherines Island, Georgia. Through combined non-destructive analytical techniques, including variable pressure scanning electron microscopy (VPSEM) and portable X-ray florescence spectroscopy (pXRF), the structural, chemical, and physical deterioration is examined. This study seeks to determine the efficacy and limitations of non-destructive analysis in the investigation of deterioration processes. Limited destructive analysis using thin-section petrography is employed to complement the non-destructive testing. The condition of ceramics recovered from dense shell deposits is compared with those from shell-free areas of the site. The paper discusses the effect that the burial environment has on changes in preservation, as well as the consequences that these changes have on the excavation, storage, and analysis of these materials.

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    Authors: Jenkins, Skyler;

    Bioapatite or hydroxyapatite (HAP) is a biocomposite and the main component of hard tissues such as bones and teeth. Owing to its unique physical and chemical properties, synthetically produced hydroxyapatite has found extensive applications in medicine and dentistry. More recently, the direct in situ formation of hydroxyapatite through reaction chemistries between calcium-rich matrices in stone, wall paintings, and bone, and ammonium phosphate precursors induced via a wet-chemistry route, has been explored as a potential inorganic mineral consolidant for cultural heritage artifacts. Building on previous studies, this research tests a new multi-step process to control the deposition, crystal formation and growth of HAP on archaeological bone, through the application of calcium hydroxide colloids, collagen, and diammonium phosphate precursors. Here we describe the step-by-step approach for the application of precursors, formation of HAP and the methods of evaluation based on the characterization of the chemistry and microstructure of pre-consolidated and consolidated bone, and the evaluation of optical and mechanical properties of consolidated samples.

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    Authors: Chris Cleere;

    This paper describes the conservation of 'L'Innocenza Perduta (Lost Innocence)', a marble statue by the Florentine sculptor Emilio Santarelli. As the statue is on open display at University College London and is accessible to the public, it has been vulnerable to destructive elements, including airborne pollutants and vandalism. Cleaning was done by steam and poultice. However, during the cleaning process it became clear that the capital and plinth required more complicated conservation treatments due to considerable cracking of the stone.

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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
    Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
      Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
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    Authors: Rosa Lasaponara; Beniamino Murgante; Abdelaziz Elfadaly; Mohamad Molaei Qelichi; +3 Authors

    Instrumental to the concept of sustainability must be the search for feasible ways to implement sustainability, especially connecting heritage and tourism. This should be understood in relationship with the persistence in time and the current and future conception of the human-made environment. This study deals with the spatial characterization over time of the urban sprawl close to and around two important archaeological areas: Kom el Shoqafa, Egypt and Shush, Iran. For both of the investigated sites, change detection analyses have been conducted using satellite declassified Corona and multidate Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery available for free from the USGS Earth Explorer. The study involves the collection of Corona 1964, Landsat TM 1984, Landsat ETM+ 1998 and L8 2016. The past and current urban and agricultural areas have been extracted by using consolidated classification techniques. Analyses and quantification of the spatial dimension of the urban expansion showed that, for both the study sites, urban areas have expanded to a significant percentage. In particular, the analysis of Corona and Landsat TM, ETM+, L8 imagery in Kom el Shoqafa revealed that, for the urban area, the evaluation of the change detection presented generally increasing chronology in both of the study areas, but for the agriculture lands, we can see that the changes sometimes decreased and sometimes increased. As a whole, outputs from our investigations clearly highlight that the current availability free of charge of long term satellite time series provides an excellent low cost tool for several applications including environmental monitoring and change detection to observe and quantify urban and land use changes from a global down to a local scale. We examine the capabilities of integrating remote sensing and GIS and suggest some innovative solutions to preserve the archaeological sites.

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    Sustainability
    Other literature type . Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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    Sustainability
    Article
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: UnpayWall
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    CNR ExploRA
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: CNR ExploRA
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    Sustainability
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
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      Sustainability
      Other literature type . Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
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      Sustainability
      Article
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      CNR ExploRA
      Article . 2017
      Data sources: CNR ExploRA
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      Sustainability
      Article . 2017
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    Authors: Aslan, Zaki;

    A critical review of the effectiveness of shelters or enclosed buildings as a means of preserving 'in situ' archaeological features is required. This paper identifies some of the key problems related to site preservation and the use of built structures, as well as an assessment of selected examples of both shelters and enclosures. From these examples a range of problems, from practical to aesthetic, are identified. The need to establish guidelines and planning procedures for design and implementation for future projects is highlighted and suggestions for future study and design modification are given.

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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
    Article . 1997 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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