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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Porto Tenreiro, Yolanda;

    [ES] Breve aproximación a la conservación como complemento fundamental de la arqueología de campo. Se plantean una serie de nociones básicas que es necesario tener en cuenta antes de proceder a la recuperación de materiales arqueológicos en la excavación, para garantizar una adecuada extracción y gestión de los hallazgos. [EN] A brief approach to conservation as an essential part of field archaeology is made. A number of basic notions are proposed that should be considered before the recovery of archaeological material from excavations; the aim is to guarantee on adequate retrieval and management of archaeological finds. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Laboratorio de Arqueología y Formas Culturales, Instituto de Investigaciones Tecnológicas Cadernos de Arqueoloxía e Patrimonio (CAPA) Peer reviewed

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Recolector de Cienci...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Armada, Xosé-Lois; Mañana-Borrazás, Patricia; Nicolau, Antoni; Porto Tenreiro, Yolanda; +1 Authors

    [ES] Cinco vidas, una historia ofrece una aproximación a la metalurgia y a los depósitos metálicos de la Edad del Bronce Final en la fachada atlántica europea (c. 1300-850 a.C.) partiendo de un conjunto de artefactos de la colección arqueológica de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Este libro nos muestra que estos artefactos de bronce no solo nos abren una ventana a la Prehistoria, sino que también poseen una biografía reciente que resulta, en muchas ocasiones, igual o más reveladora. Tras su elaboración y uso hace unos 3.000 años, estos objetos fueron retirados de la circulación y enterrados formando acumulaciones de metal, un fenómeno que abarca amplias áreas del continente europeo y cuyo significado todavía constituye una incógnita. Recuperados a finales del siglo XIX, a menudo durante labores agrícolas, fueron a parar a manos de coleccionistas eruditos que, al final de sus vidas, decidieron donar sus colecciones a la universidad, donde siguen siendo estudiades y hoy forman parte de su acervo patrimonial. Hoy en día, las investigaciones lideradas desde el Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio del CSIC han permitido reconstruir esta apasionante historia y muestran que, tres milenios después, estos objetos tienen todavía mucho que contarnos. [GA] Cinco vidas, unha historia ofrece unha aproximación á metalurxia e aos depósitos metálicos da Idade do Bronce Final na fachada atlántica europea (c. 1300-850 a.C.) partindo dun conxunto de artefactos da colección arqueolóxica da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. A exposición amósanos que estes artefactos de bronce non só nos abren unha ventá á Prehistoria, senón que tamén posúen unha biografía recente que resulta, en moitas ocasións, igual ou máis reveladora. Tras a súa elaboración e uso hai uns 3.000 anos, estes obxectos foron retirados da circulación e enterrados formando acumulacións de metal, un fenómeno que abarca amplas áreas do continente europeo e cuxo significado aínda constitúe unha incógnita. Recuperados a finais do século XIX, a miúdo durante labores agrícolas, foron parar ás mans de coleccionistas eruditos que, ao final das súas vidas, decidiron doar as súas coleccións á universidade, onde seguen a ser estudadas e hoxe forman parte do seu acervo patrimonial. Hoxe en día, as investigacións lideradas desde o Instituto de Ciencias do Patrimonio do CSIC permitiron reconstruír esta apaixonante historia e mostran que, tres milenios despois, estes obxectos teñen aínda moito que contarnos. [EN] Cinco vidas, una historia (Five lives, one history) offers an approach to Late Bronze Age metallurgy and metal hoards on the Atlantic façade of Europe (c. 1300-850 BC), based on an assemblage of archaeological artefacts from the University of Santiago de Compostela collection. This book shows us that these bronze artefacts not only open a window for us onto prehistory, but also have a recent biography that is often equally or even more revealing. Following their manufacture and use some 3,000 years ago, these objects were withdrawn from circulation and buried. They thus formed accumulations of metal, a widespread phenomenon across the European continent, the significance of which still eludes us. Discovered in the late 19th century, often during farm work, they ended up in the hands of erudite collectors who, at the end of their lives, decided to donate their collections to the university, where they are still being studied and today make up part of its heritage. Today, the research led by the CSIC Institute of Heritage Sciences has allowed us to reconstruct this exciting history and to show how, three millennia later, all these objects still have much to tell us. Esta publicación y la exposición que está en su origen son resultado del proyecto de investigación Innovación tecnolóxica, circulación do metal e artefactos metálicos de prestixio na Europa atlántica (s. XIII-I ANE) (IN607D 2016/004), desarrollado por el Incipit – CSIC y financiado por la Axencia Galega de Innovación (GAIN – Xunta de Galicia). Catálogo de la exposición con idéntico título, organizada por el Incipit – CSIC y cuyo montaje inicial tuvo lugar en el Pazo de Fonseca de Santiago de Compostela, los días 18 de julio a 31 de agosto de 2019. Editor científico: Xosé-Lois Armada. No

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  • Authors: Armada, Xosé-Lois; Mañana-Borrazás, Patricia; Nicolau, Antoni; Porto Tenreiro, Yolanda; +1 Authors

    [ES] Cinco vidas, una historia ofrece una aproximación a la metalurgia y a los depósitos metálicos de la Edad del Bronce Final en la fachada atlántica europea (c. 1300-850 a.C.) partiendo de un conjunto de artefactos de la colección arqueológica de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Este libro nos muestra que estos artefactos de bronce no solo nos abren una ventana a la Prehistoria, sino que también poseen una biografía reciente que resulta, en muchas ocasiones, igual o más reveladora. Tras su elaboración y uso hace unos 3.000 años, estos objetos fueron retirados de la circulación y enterrados formando acumulaciones de metal, un fenómeno que abarca amplias áreas del continente europeo y cuyo significado todavía constituye una incógnita. Recuperados a finales del siglo XIX, a menudo durante labores agrícolas, fueron a parar a manos de coleccionistas eruditos que, al final de sus vidas, decidieron donar sus colecciones a la universidad, donde siguen siendo estudiades y hoy forman parte de su acervo patrimonial. Hoy en día, las investigaciones lideradas desde el Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio del CSIC han permitido reconstruir esta apasionante historia y muestran que, tres milenios después, estos objetos tienen todavía mucho que contarnos. [GA] Cinco vidas, unha historia ofrece unha aproximación á metalurxia e aos depósitos metálicos da Idade do Bronce Final na fachada atlántica europea (c. 1300-850 a.C.) partindo dun conxunto de artefactos da colección arqueolóxica da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. A exposición amósanos que estes artefactos de bronce non só nos abren unha ventá á Prehistoria, senón que tamén posúen unha biografía recente que resulta, en moitas ocasións, igual ou máis reveladora. Tras a súa elaboración e uso hai uns 3.000 anos, estes obxectos foron retirados da circulación e enterrados formando acumulacións de metal, un fenómeno que abarca amplas áreas do continente europeo e cuxo significado aínda constitúe unha incógnita. Recuperados a finais do século XIX, a miúdo durante labores agrícolas, foron parar ás mans de coleccionistas eruditos que, ao final das súas vidas, decidiron doar as súas coleccións á universidade, onde seguen a ser estudadas e hoxe forman parte do seu acervo patrimonial. Hoxe en día, as investigacións lideradas desde o Instituto de Ciencias do Patrimonio do CSIC permitiron reconstruír esta apaixonante historia e mostran que, tres milenios despois, estes obxectos teñen aínda moito que contarnos. [EN] Cinco vidas, una historia (Five lives, one history) offers an approach to Late Bronze Age metallurgy and metal hoards on the Atlantic façade of Europe (c. 1300-850 BC), based on an assemblage of archaeological artefacts from the University of Santiago de Compostela collection. This book shows us that these bronze artefacts not only open a window for us onto prehistory, but also have a recent biography that is often equally or even more revealing. Following their manufacture and use some 3,000 years ago, these objects were withdrawn from circulation and buried. They thus formed accumulations of metal, a widespread phenomenon across the European continent, the significance of which still eludes us. Discovered in the late 19th century, often during farm work, they ended up in the hands of erudite collectors who, at the end of their lives, decided to donate their collections to the university, where they are still being studied and today make up part of its heritage. Today, the research led by the CSIC Institute of Heritage Sciences has allowed us to reconstruct this exciting history and to show how, three millennia later, all these objects still have much to tell us. Esta publicación e a exposición que está na súa orixe son resultado do proxecto de investigación Innovación tecnolóxica, circulación do metal e artefactos metálicos de prestixio na Europa atlántica (s. XIII-I ANE) (IN607D 2016/004), desenvolvido polo Incipit – CSIC e financiado pola Axencia Galega de Innovación (GAIN – Xunta de Galicia). Editor científico: Xosé-Lois Armada.-- Catálogo de la exposición con idéntico título, organizada por el Concello da Coruña bajo la dirección científica del Incipit – CSIC y celebrada en el Museo Arqueolóxico e Histórico Castelo de San Antón (A Coruña). No

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ainara Zornoza-Indart; Paula López-Arce; Lucía López-Polín;

    The increase of durability to slowdown damage of chert artifacts is assessed after their treatment with traditional consolidating products (acrylic resin and ethyl silicate) and new products based on SiO2 and Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles. The stability of the treatments is analyzed submitting the samples to wetting-drying cycles and UV light exposure accelerated aging tests. Non-destructive techniques are used to compare the superficial consolidating efficacy, the chromatic changes and the modifications in the hydric behavior after one month from the application of the products and after the aging tests. Regarding to slowing down damage of the artifacts and the stability of the products facing aging, the mixture of nanoparticles is a non-suitable product, especially in the case of relative humidity variations, which cause the loss of the consolidating product surface layer. Color changes are also produced as a result of light exposure. This mixture could be a possible product to be used in volumetric re-integrations if its drawbacks are solved. The three other products slow down damage by enhancing the superficial cohesion of the samples. However, some differences in their efficacy and undesirable results are observed. In spite of the acrylic resin is the most frequently used by restorers, is the less stable product with the lowest consolidating efficiency and inappropriate chromatic changes after wetting-drying cycles. The ethyl silicate, even though its consolidation efficacy is kept after aging, being more stable than the resin, also suffers chromatic modifications and produces significant changes in the hydric behavior. SiO2 nanoparticles are the most stable product, remaining effective after the accelerated aging tests, producing low color changes despite the modifications in the hydric behavior of the treated samples. Results show that lightning gives rise to surface damage, producing superficial decohesion that can trigger higher color changes and a rise in water vapor absorption rates due to surface disaggregation. Whereas wetting-drying cycles give rise to more internal damage leading to porous system and hydric behavior modifications of all the treated samples. This work has been carried out at the Instituto de Geociencias (CSIC, UCM) and was partially supported by Rafael Fort and GEOMATERIALES (S2009/MAT-1629) Program. The research was also supported by a JAE-PreDoc fellowship program (2010-2014) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Adaptability and Employment Program of the European Social Fund (ESF 2007–2013). Research of López-Polín is founded by MINECO Project “Comportamiento ecosocial de los homínidos de la Sierra de Atapuerca durante el Cuaternario III” (CGL2012-38434-C03-03). Peer Reviewed

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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Cultural Heritage
    Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Recolector de Cienci...arrow_drop_down
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      Journal of Cultural Heritage
      Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
      Data sources: Crossref
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4 Research products (1 rule applied)
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Porto Tenreiro, Yolanda;

    [ES] Breve aproximación a la conservación como complemento fundamental de la arqueología de campo. Se plantean una serie de nociones básicas que es necesario tener en cuenta antes de proceder a la recuperación de materiales arqueológicos en la excavación, para garantizar una adecuada extracción y gestión de los hallazgos. [EN] A brief approach to conservation as an essential part of field archaeology is made. A number of basic notions are proposed that should be considered before the recovery of archaeological material from excavations; the aim is to guarantee on adequate retrieval and management of archaeological finds. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Laboratorio de Arqueología y Formas Culturales, Instituto de Investigaciones Tecnológicas Cadernos de Arqueoloxía e Patrimonio (CAPA) Peer reviewed

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Recolector de Cienci...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Recolector de Cienci...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Armada, Xosé-Lois; Mañana-Borrazás, Patricia; Nicolau, Antoni; Porto Tenreiro, Yolanda; +1 Authors

    [ES] Cinco vidas, una historia ofrece una aproximación a la metalurgia y a los depósitos metálicos de la Edad del Bronce Final en la fachada atlántica europea (c. 1300-850 a.C.) partiendo de un conjunto de artefactos de la colección arqueológica de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Este libro nos muestra que estos artefactos de bronce no solo nos abren una ventana a la Prehistoria, sino que también poseen una biografía reciente que resulta, en muchas ocasiones, igual o más reveladora. Tras su elaboración y uso hace unos 3.000 años, estos objetos fueron retirados de la circulación y enterrados formando acumulaciones de metal, un fenómeno que abarca amplias áreas del continente europeo y cuyo significado todavía constituye una incógnita. Recuperados a finales del siglo XIX, a menudo durante labores agrícolas, fueron a parar a manos de coleccionistas eruditos que, al final de sus vidas, decidieron donar sus colecciones a la universidad, donde siguen siendo estudiades y hoy forman parte de su acervo patrimonial. Hoy en día, las investigaciones lideradas desde el Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio del CSIC han permitido reconstruir esta apasionante historia y muestran que, tres milenios después, estos objetos tienen todavía mucho que contarnos. [GA] Cinco vidas, unha historia ofrece unha aproximación á metalurxia e aos depósitos metálicos da Idade do Bronce Final na fachada atlántica europea (c. 1300-850 a.C.) partindo dun conxunto de artefactos da colección arqueolóxica da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. A exposición amósanos que estes artefactos de bronce non só nos abren unha ventá á Prehistoria, senón que tamén posúen unha biografía recente que resulta, en moitas ocasións, igual ou máis reveladora. Tras a súa elaboración e uso hai uns 3.000 anos, estes obxectos foron retirados da circulación e enterrados formando acumulacións de metal, un fenómeno que abarca amplas áreas do continente europeo e cuxo significado aínda constitúe unha incógnita. Recuperados a finais do século XIX, a miúdo durante labores agrícolas, foron parar ás mans de coleccionistas eruditos que, ao final das súas vidas, decidiron doar as súas coleccións á universidade, onde seguen a ser estudadas e hoxe forman parte do seu acervo patrimonial. Hoxe en día, as investigacións lideradas desde o Instituto de Ciencias do Patrimonio do CSIC permitiron reconstruír esta apaixonante historia e mostran que, tres milenios despois, estes obxectos teñen aínda moito que contarnos. [EN] Cinco vidas, una historia (Five lives, one history) offers an approach to Late Bronze Age metallurgy and metal hoards on the Atlantic façade of Europe (c. 1300-850 BC), based on an assemblage of archaeological artefacts from the University of Santiago de Compostela collection. This book shows us that these bronze artefacts not only open a window for us onto prehistory, but also have a recent biography that is often equally or even more revealing. Following their manufacture and use some 3,000 years ago, these objects were withdrawn from circulation and buried. They thus formed accumulations of metal, a widespread phenomenon across the European continent, the significance of which still eludes us. Discovered in the late 19th century, often during farm work, they ended up in the hands of erudite collectors who, at the end of their lives, decided to donate their collections to the university, where they are still being studied and today make up part of its heritage. Today, the research led by the CSIC Institute of Heritage Sciences has allowed us to reconstruct this exciting history and to show how, three millennia later, all these objects still have much to tell us. Esta publicación y la exposición que está en su origen son resultado del proyecto de investigación Innovación tecnolóxica, circulación do metal e artefactos metálicos de prestixio na Europa atlántica (s. XIII-I ANE) (IN607D 2016/004), desarrollado por el Incipit – CSIC y financiado por la Axencia Galega de Innovación (GAIN – Xunta de Galicia). Catálogo de la exposición con idéntico título, organizada por el Incipit – CSIC y cuyo montaje inicial tuvo lugar en el Pazo de Fonseca de Santiago de Compostela, los días 18 de julio a 31 de agosto de 2019. Editor científico: Xosé-Lois Armada. No

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  • Authors: Armada, Xosé-Lois; Mañana-Borrazás, Patricia; Nicolau, Antoni; Porto Tenreiro, Yolanda; +1 Authors

    [ES] Cinco vidas, una historia ofrece una aproximación a la metalurgia y a los depósitos metálicos de la Edad del Bronce Final en la fachada atlántica europea (c. 1300-850 a.C.) partiendo de un conjunto de artefactos de la colección arqueológica de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Este libro nos muestra que estos artefactos de bronce no solo nos abren una ventana a la Prehistoria, sino que también poseen una biografía reciente que resulta, en muchas ocasiones, igual o más reveladora. Tras su elaboración y uso hace unos 3.000 años, estos objetos fueron retirados de la circulación y enterrados formando acumulaciones de metal, un fenómeno que abarca amplias áreas del continente europeo y cuyo significado todavía constituye una incógnita. Recuperados a finales del siglo XIX, a menudo durante labores agrícolas, fueron a parar a manos de coleccionistas eruditos que, al final de sus vidas, decidieron donar sus colecciones a la universidad, donde siguen siendo estudiades y hoy forman parte de su acervo patrimonial. Hoy en día, las investigaciones lideradas desde el Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio del CSIC han permitido reconstruir esta apasionante historia y muestran que, tres milenios después, estos objetos tienen todavía mucho que contarnos. [GA] Cinco vidas, unha historia ofrece unha aproximación á metalurxia e aos depósitos metálicos da Idade do Bronce Final na fachada atlántica europea (c. 1300-850 a.C.) partindo dun conxunto de artefactos da colección arqueolóxica da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. A exposición amósanos que estes artefactos de bronce non só nos abren unha ventá á Prehistoria, senón que tamén posúen unha biografía recente que resulta, en moitas ocasións, igual ou máis reveladora. Tras a súa elaboración e uso hai uns 3.000 anos, estes obxectos foron retirados da circulación e enterrados formando acumulacións de metal, un fenómeno que abarca amplas áreas do continente europeo e cuxo significado aínda constitúe unha incógnita. Recuperados a finais do século XIX, a miúdo durante labores agrícolas, foron parar ás mans de coleccionistas eruditos que, ao final das súas vidas, decidiron doar as súas coleccións á universidade, onde seguen a ser estudadas e hoxe forman parte do seu acervo patrimonial. Hoxe en día, as investigacións lideradas desde o Instituto de Ciencias do Patrimonio do CSIC permitiron reconstruír esta apaixonante historia e mostran que, tres milenios despois, estes obxectos teñen aínda moito que contarnos. [EN] Cinco vidas, una historia (Five lives, one history) offers an approach to Late Bronze Age metallurgy and metal hoards on the Atlantic façade of Europe (c. 1300-850 BC), based on an assemblage of archaeological artefacts from the University of Santiago de Compostela collection. This book shows us that these bronze artefacts not only open a window for us onto prehistory, but also have a recent biography that is often equally or even more revealing. Following their manufacture and use some 3,000 years ago, these objects were withdrawn from circulation and buried. They thus formed accumulations of metal, a widespread phenomenon across the European continent, the significance of which still eludes us. Discovered in the late 19th century, often during farm work, they ended up in the hands of erudite collectors who, at the end of their lives, decided to donate their collections to the university, where they are still being studied and today make up part of its heritage. Today, the research led by the CSIC Institute of Heritage Sciences has allowed us to reconstruct this exciting history and to show how, three millennia later, all these objects still have much to tell us. Esta publicación e a exposición que está na súa orixe son resultado do proxecto de investigación Innovación tecnolóxica, circulación do metal e artefactos metálicos de prestixio na Europa atlántica (s. XIII-I ANE) (IN607D 2016/004), desenvolvido polo Incipit – CSIC e financiado pola Axencia Galega de Innovación (GAIN – Xunta de Galicia). Editor científico: Xosé-Lois Armada.-- Catálogo de la exposición con idéntico título, organizada por el Concello da Coruña bajo la dirección científica del Incipit – CSIC y celebrada en el Museo Arqueolóxico e Histórico Castelo de San Antón (A Coruña). No

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    Authors: Ainara Zornoza-Indart; Paula López-Arce; Lucía López-Polín;

    The increase of durability to slowdown damage of chert artifacts is assessed after their treatment with traditional consolidating products (acrylic resin and ethyl silicate) and new products based on SiO2 and Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles. The stability of the treatments is analyzed submitting the samples to wetting-drying cycles and UV light exposure accelerated aging tests. Non-destructive techniques are used to compare the superficial consolidating efficacy, the chromatic changes and the modifications in the hydric behavior after one month from the application of the products and after the aging tests. Regarding to slowing down damage of the artifacts and the stability of the products facing aging, the mixture of nanoparticles is a non-suitable product, especially in the case of relative humidity variations, which cause the loss of the consolidating product surface layer. Color changes are also produced as a result of light exposure. This mixture could be a possible product to be used in volumetric re-integrations if its drawbacks are solved. The three other products slow down damage by enhancing the superficial cohesion of the samples. However, some differences in their efficacy and undesirable results are observed. In spite of the acrylic resin is the most frequently used by restorers, is the less stable product with the lowest consolidating efficiency and inappropriate chromatic changes after wetting-drying cycles. The ethyl silicate, even though its consolidation efficacy is kept after aging, being more stable than the resin, also suffers chromatic modifications and produces significant changes in the hydric behavior. SiO2 nanoparticles are the most stable product, remaining effective after the accelerated aging tests, producing low color changes despite the modifications in the hydric behavior of the treated samples. Results show that lightning gives rise to surface damage, producing superficial decohesion that can trigger higher color changes and a rise in water vapor absorption rates due to surface disaggregation. Whereas wetting-drying cycles give rise to more internal damage leading to porous system and hydric behavior modifications of all the treated samples. This work has been carried out at the Instituto de Geociencias (CSIC, UCM) and was partially supported by Rafael Fort and GEOMATERIALES (S2009/MAT-1629) Program. The research was also supported by a JAE-PreDoc fellowship program (2010-2014) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Adaptability and Employment Program of the European Social Fund (ESF 2007–2013). Research of López-Polín is founded by MINECO Project “Comportamiento ecosocial de los homínidos de la Sierra de Atapuerca durante el Cuaternario III” (CGL2012-38434-C03-03). Peer Reviewed

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    Journal of Cultural Heritage
    Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
    Data sources: Crossref
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      Journal of Cultural Heritage
      Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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      Data sources: Crossref
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