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  • Heritage Science

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Omid Oudbashi;

    Abstract Characterization of soil corrosivity in archaeological sites is an important subject to understand the conservation conditions of archaeological bronze collections and helps conservators to prepare a conservation strategy for long term preservation of bronze objects. In this paper, a research approach is established to identify soil corrosivity in two archaeological sites and to find correlation between corrosion events and soil characterizations. Therefore, an analytical study was carried out to identify different factors of soil environment influencing corrosivity of the soil in two sites. Based on the results, measuring different factors such as chemical composition, pH, texture, soluble salts and water content and SOM displayed different soil environments in two archaeological sites. The results represent correlative relationship between corrosion mechanism and soil characteristics in these archaeological sites.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Heritage Sciencearrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Heritage Science
    Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
    Data sources: Crossref
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Heritage Science
    Article . 2018
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Heritage Science
    Article
    License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Heritage Sciencearrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Heritage Science
      Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Heritage Science
      Article . 2018
      Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Heritage Science
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: de Alkmim Radicchi, Gerusa;

    [ES] Este trabajo tiene como objetivo investigar los métodos de conservación in situ aplicables a los hallazgos arqueológicos de los loberos-balleneros, los cuales están compuestos por material proveniente del archipiélago Shetland del Sur (Antártida Occidental). Los loberos-balleneros fueron marineros llevados al territorio por compañías de caza de mamíferos marinos en los siglos XVIII y XIX. Esos cazadores habitaban temporalmente en refugios construidos en la Antártida. Las huellas que dejaron se caracterizan por la presencia de materiales muy frágiles, que se conservan debido a las condiciones ambientales particulares del continente antártico. Desde la primera expedición de excavación hecha por el Laboratorio de Estudios Antárticos en Ciencias Humanas de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (Leach), en 2010, un eje de investigación ha estado articulando la metodología de excavación a la conservación in situ. Este eje ha dado paso a este proyecto de investigación doctoral desarrollado en la Universitat Politècnica de València. [CA] Aquest treball té com a objectiu investigar els mètodes de conservació in situ aplicables a lestroballes arqueològiques dels loberos-balleners, els quals estan compostos per material provinent de l'arxipèlag Shetland de Sud (Antàrtica Occidental). Els loberos-balleners van ser mariners duts al territori per companyies de caça de mamífers marins en els segles XVIII i XIX. Aquests caçadors habitaven temporalment en refugis construïts a l'Antàrtica. Les petjades que van deixar es caracteritzen per la presència de materials molt fràgils, que només es conserven a causa de les condicions ambientals particulars del continent antàrtic. Des de la primera expedició d'excavació feta pel Laboratori d'Estudis Antàrtics en Ciències Humanes de la Universitat Federal de Mines Gerais (Leach), el 2010, un eix d'investigació ha estat articulant la metodologia d'excavació a la conservació in situ. Aquest eix ha donat pas a aquest projecte de recerca doctoral desenvolupat a la Universitat Politècnica de València. [EN] The proposal aims investigate the methods of the in situ preservation of the whalers' archaeological remains, concerning to the South Shetland Archipelago (Occidental Antarctica). The whalers were sailors taken to the territory by companies hunting of marine mammals of the 18th and 19th centuries. These hunters lived temporarily in shelters made in Antarctica. These traces are characterized by the presence of very fragile materials, that only preserved by the specific environmental conditions provided by the Antarctic context. Since the first excavation expedition made by of the Antarctic Studies Laboratory in Human Sciences of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (Leach) in 2010, an axis of investigation is articulating the methodology excavation with the in situ conservation, which has become this PhD research project, developed together with the Universitat Politècnica de València. La investigación ha recibido apoyo de la FAPEMIG, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (Proyecto APQ 01366-17), del PROANTAR, Programa Antártico Brasileiro, y se ha llevado a cabo gracias al Programa de Doutorado Pleno no Exterior da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior‒CAPES (Brasil), por medio del Programa de Doutorado Pleno no Exterior de 2015.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ RiuNetarrow_drop_down
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    https://doi.org/10.4995/thesis...
    Thesis . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ RiuNetarrow_drop_down
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      Other literature type . 2022
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      https://doi.org/10.4995/thesis...
      Thesis . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ainara Zornoza-Indart; Paula López-Arce; Lucía López-Polín;

    The increase of durability to slowdown damage of chert artifacts is assessed after their treatment with traditional consolidating products (acrylic resin and ethyl silicate) and new products based on SiO2 and Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles. The stability of the treatments is analyzed submitting the samples to wetting-drying cycles and UV light exposure accelerated aging tests. Non-destructive techniques are used to compare the superficial consolidating efficacy, the chromatic changes and the modifications in the hydric behavior after one month from the application of the products and after the aging tests. Regarding to slowing down damage of the artifacts and the stability of the products facing aging, the mixture of nanoparticles is a non-suitable product, especially in the case of relative humidity variations, which cause the loss of the consolidating product surface layer. Color changes are also produced as a result of light exposure. This mixture could be a possible product to be used in volumetric re-integrations if its drawbacks are solved. The three other products slow down damage by enhancing the superficial cohesion of the samples. However, some differences in their efficacy and undesirable results are observed. In spite of the acrylic resin is the most frequently used by restorers, is the less stable product with the lowest consolidating efficiency and inappropriate chromatic changes after wetting-drying cycles. The ethyl silicate, even though its consolidation efficacy is kept after aging, being more stable than the resin, also suffers chromatic modifications and produces significant changes in the hydric behavior. SiO2 nanoparticles are the most stable product, remaining effective after the accelerated aging tests, producing low color changes despite the modifications in the hydric behavior of the treated samples. Results show that lightning gives rise to surface damage, producing superficial decohesion that can trigger higher color changes and a rise in water vapor absorption rates due to surface disaggregation. Whereas wetting-drying cycles give rise to more internal damage leading to porous system and hydric behavior modifications of all the treated samples. This work has been carried out at the Instituto de Geociencias (CSIC, UCM) and was partially supported by Rafael Fort and GEOMATERIALES (S2009/MAT-1629) Program. The research was also supported by a JAE-PreDoc fellowship program (2010-2014) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Adaptability and Employment Program of the European Social Fund (ESF 2007–2013). Research of López-Polín is founded by MINECO Project “Comportamiento ecosocial de los homínidos de la Sierra de Atapuerca durante el Cuaternario III” (CGL2012-38434-C03-03). Peer Reviewed

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Recolector de Cienci...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Cultural Heritage
    Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Recolector de Cienci...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of Cultural Heritage
      Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Boon Nee Loh, Jacinta;

    Art may be entwined with religion, encompassing a spiritual message beyond artistic form and design. The thangka is one such sacred art in this world. Each thangka is created for a specific purpose and will always be different from other ones. It is for this reason and other values that they are conserved for the present and the future. The thangka poses complex challenges for conservators because of its composite nature and the wealth of values it embodies. It demands a balanced approach that looks into its material and conceptual integrity. Each of us has different aesthetic standards in interpretation of the thangka. This research explores the approaches and perspectives of thangka conservation, in particular embroidered/ appliqué thangkas and the influence of their significance in the decision-making process of their conservation. Through this investigation, the author establishes a framework of decision-making and her perspectives to thangka conservation.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Journal of Conservat...arrow_drop_down
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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
    Article . 2002 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Journal of Conservat...arrow_drop_down
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      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
      Article . 2002 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Ravi Umadi; Sumit Dookia; Jens Rydell;

    We highlight the importance of an integrated management policy for archaeological monuments and the insect-eating bats that roost inside them. We refer to India, but the issue is general and of worldwide significance. There is increasing evidence that the ecosystem services provided by insect-eating bats in agricultural fields are of vital economic importance, which is likely to increase as chemical pest-control methods become inefficient due to evolving multi-resistance in insects. We visited five archaeological sites in the city of New Delhi. We found bats at all five locations, and three of them harbored large colonies (many thousands) of mouse-tailed bats and tomb bats. These bats likely disperse over extensive areas to feed, including agricultural fields in the vicinity and beyond. All insect-eating bats should be protected and properly managed as a valuable resource at the archaeological sites where they occur. We firmly believe that “fear” of bats can be turned into curiosity by means of education and that their presence should instead enhance the value of the sites. We suggest some means to protect the bats roosting inside the buildings, while mitigating potential conflicts with archaeological and touristic interests.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Heritagearrow_drop_down
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    Heritage
    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Heritage
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Heritage
    Article . 2019
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Heritagearrow_drop_down
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      Heritage
      Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Heritage
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      Heritage
      Article . 2019
      Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Moore, Michelle;

    Conservation documentation can be defined as the textual and visual records collected during the care and treatment of an object. It can include records of the object's condition, any treatment done to the object, any observations or conclusions made by the conservator as well as details on the object's past and present environment. The form of documentation is not universally agreed upon nor has it always been considered an important aspect of the conservation profession. Good documentation tells the complete story of an object thus far and should provide as much information as possible for the future researcher, curator, or conservator. The conservation profession will benefit from digitising its documentation using software such as databases and hardware like digital cameras and scanners. Digital technology will make conservation documentation more easily accessible, cost/time efficient, and will increase consistency and accuracy of the recorded data, and reduce physical storage space requirements. The major drawback to digitising conservation records is maintaining access to the information for the future; the notorious pace of technological change has serious implications for retrieving data from any machine- readable medium.

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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
    Article . 2001 . Peer-reviewed
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      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
      Article . 2001 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: U.S. Department Of The Interior, Bureau Of Reclamation;

    On July 15, 1983, the chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) ratified a programmatic memorandum of agreement among the Arizona and New Mexico State Historic Preservation Officers (SHPOs), the Bureau of Reclamation, and the ACHP. The subject of that agreement was the construction of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) and its impact upon historic properties. That agreement was negotiated in compliance with Section 2(b) of Executive Order 11593, "Protection and Enhancement of the Cultural Environment," and Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. A copy of the agreement is attached as an appendix to this report. Because it was designed to cover all aspects of the CAP that remain to be constructed, the agreement was programmatic. As a result, it stipulated that Reclamation prepare a comprehensive, project-wide plan for historic preservation. This document constitutes that plan. It is designed to be a tool that will insure adequate consideration of historic properties as the CAP is completed and lead to appropriate treatment of significant historic resources that lie within the path of construction.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Omid Oudbashi;

    Abstract Characterization of soil corrosivity in archaeological sites is an important subject to understand the conservation conditions of archaeological bronze collections and helps conservators to prepare a conservation strategy for long term preservation of bronze objects. In this paper, a research approach is established to identify soil corrosivity in two archaeological sites and to find correlation between corrosion events and soil characterizations. Therefore, an analytical study was carried out to identify different factors of soil environment influencing corrosivity of the soil in two sites. Based on the results, measuring different factors such as chemical composition, pH, texture, soluble salts and water content and SOM displayed different soil environments in two archaeological sites. The results represent correlative relationship between corrosion mechanism and soil characteristics in these archaeological sites.

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    Heritage Science
    Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
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    Heritage Science
    Article . 2018
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
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    Heritage Science
    Article
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      Heritage Science
      Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
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      Heritage Science
      Article . 2018
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      Heritage Science
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: de Alkmim Radicchi, Gerusa;

    [ES] Este trabajo tiene como objetivo investigar los métodos de conservación in situ aplicables a los hallazgos arqueológicos de los loberos-balleneros, los cuales están compuestos por material proveniente del archipiélago Shetland del Sur (Antártida Occidental). Los loberos-balleneros fueron marineros llevados al territorio por compañías de caza de mamíferos marinos en los siglos XVIII y XIX. Esos cazadores habitaban temporalmente en refugios construidos en la Antártida. Las huellas que dejaron se caracterizan por la presencia de materiales muy frágiles, que se conservan debido a las condiciones ambientales particulares del continente antártico. Desde la primera expedición de excavación hecha por el Laboratorio de Estudios Antárticos en Ciencias Humanas de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (Leach), en 2010, un eje de investigación ha estado articulando la metodología de excavación a la conservación in situ. Este eje ha dado paso a este proyecto de investigación doctoral desarrollado en la Universitat Politècnica de València. [CA] Aquest treball té com a objectiu investigar els mètodes de conservació in situ aplicables a lestroballes arqueològiques dels loberos-balleners, els quals estan compostos per material provinent de l'arxipèlag Shetland de Sud (Antàrtica Occidental). Els loberos-balleners van ser mariners duts al territori per companyies de caça de mamífers marins en els segles XVIII i XIX. Aquests caçadors habitaven temporalment en refugis construïts a l'Antàrtica. Les petjades que van deixar es caracteritzen per la presència de materials molt fràgils, que només es conserven a causa de les condicions ambientals particulars del continent antàrtic. Des de la primera expedició d'excavació feta pel Laboratori d'Estudis Antàrtics en Ciències Humanes de la Universitat Federal de Mines Gerais (Leach), el 2010, un eix d'investigació ha estat articulant la metodologia d'excavació a la conservació in situ. Aquest eix ha donat pas a aquest projecte de recerca doctoral desenvolupat a la Universitat Politècnica de València. [EN] The proposal aims investigate the methods of the in situ preservation of the whalers' archaeological remains, concerning to the South Shetland Archipelago (Occidental Antarctica). The whalers were sailors taken to the territory by companies hunting of marine mammals of the 18th and 19th centuries. These hunters lived temporarily in shelters made in Antarctica. These traces are characterized by the presence of very fragile materials, that only preserved by the specific environmental conditions provided by the Antarctic context. Since the first excavation expedition made by of the Antarctic Studies Laboratory in Human Sciences of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (Leach) in 2010, an axis of investigation is articulating the methodology excavation with the in situ conservation, which has become this PhD research project, developed together with the Universitat Politècnica de València. La investigación ha recibido apoyo de la FAPEMIG, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (Proyecto APQ 01366-17), del PROANTAR, Programa Antártico Brasileiro, y se ha llevado a cabo gracias al Programa de Doutorado Pleno no Exterior da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior‒CAPES (Brasil), por medio del Programa de Doutorado Pleno no Exterior de 2015.

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    https://doi.org/10.4995/thesis...
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ainara Zornoza-Indart; Paula López-Arce; Lucía López-Polín;

    The increase of durability to slowdown damage of chert artifacts is assessed after their treatment with traditional consolidating products (acrylic resin and ethyl silicate) and new products based on SiO2 and Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles. The stability of the treatments is analyzed submitting the samples to wetting-drying cycles and UV light exposure accelerated aging tests. Non-destructive techniques are used to compare the superficial consolidating efficacy, the chromatic changes and the modifications in the hydric behavior after one month from the application of the products and after the aging tests. Regarding to slowing down damage of the artifacts and the stability of the products facing aging, the mixture of nanoparticles is a non-suitable product, especially in the case of relative humidity variations, which cause the loss of the consolidating product surface layer. Color changes are also produced as a result of light exposure. This mixture could be a possible product to be used in volumetric re-integrations if its drawbacks are solved. The three other products slow down damage by enhancing the superficial cohesion of the samples. However, some differences in their efficacy and undesirable results are observed. In spite of the acrylic resin is the most frequently used by restorers, is the less stable product with the lowest consolidating efficiency and inappropriate chromatic changes after wetting-drying cycles. The ethyl silicate, even though its consolidation efficacy is kept after aging, being more stable than the resin, also suffers chromatic modifications and produces significant changes in the hydric behavior. SiO2 nanoparticles are the most stable product, remaining effective after the accelerated aging tests, producing low color changes despite the modifications in the hydric behavior of the treated samples. Results show that lightning gives rise to surface damage, producing superficial decohesion that can trigger higher color changes and a rise in water vapor absorption rates due to surface disaggregation. Whereas wetting-drying cycles give rise to more internal damage leading to porous system and hydric behavior modifications of all the treated samples. This work has been carried out at the Instituto de Geociencias (CSIC, UCM) and was partially supported by Rafael Fort and GEOMATERIALES (S2009/MAT-1629) Program. The research was also supported by a JAE-PreDoc fellowship program (2010-2014) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Adaptability and Employment Program of the European Social Fund (ESF 2007–2013). Research of López-Polín is founded by MINECO Project “Comportamiento ecosocial de los homínidos de la Sierra de Atapuerca durante el Cuaternario III” (CGL2012-38434-C03-03). Peer Reviewed

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    Journal of Cultural Heritage
    Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Boon Nee Loh, Jacinta;

    Art may be entwined with religion, encompassing a spiritual message beyond artistic form and design. The thangka is one such sacred art in this world. Each thangka is created for a specific purpose and will always be different from other ones. It is for this reason and other values that they are conserved for the present and the future. The thangka poses complex challenges for conservators because of its composite nature and the wealth of values it embodies. It demands a balanced approach that looks into its material and conceptual integrity. Each of us has different aesthetic standards in interpretation of the thangka. This research explores the approaches and perspectives of thangka conservation, in particular embroidered/ appliqué thangkas and the influence of their significance in the decision-making process of their conservation. Through this investigation, the author establishes a framework of decision-making and her perspectives to thangka conservation.

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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
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      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
      Article . 2002 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ravi Umadi; Sumit Dookia; Jens Rydell;

    We highlight the importance of an integrated management policy for archaeological monuments and the insect-eating bats that roost inside them. We refer to India, but the issue is general and of worldwide significance. There is increasing evidence that the ecosystem services provided by insect-eating bats in agricultural fields are of vital economic importance, which is likely to increase as chemical pest-control methods become inefficient due to evolving multi-resistance in insects. We visited five archaeological sites in the city of New Delhi. We found bats at all five locations, and three of them harbored large colonies (many thousands) of mouse-tailed bats and tomb bats. These bats likely disperse over extensive areas to feed, including agricultural fields in the vicinity and beyond. All insect-eating bats should be protected and properly managed as a valuable resource at the archaeological sites where they occur. We firmly believe that “fear” of bats can be turned into curiosity by means of education and that their presence should instead enhance the value of the sites. We suggest some means to protect the bats roosting inside the buildings, while mitigating potential conflicts with archaeological and touristic interests.

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    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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    Article . 2019
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      Article . 2019
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Moore, Michelle;

    Conservation documentation can be defined as the textual and visual records collected during the care and treatment of an object. It can include records of the object's condition, any treatment done to the object, any observations or conclusions made by the conservator as well as details on the object's past and present environment. The form of documentation is not universally agreed upon nor has it always been considered an important aspect of the conservation profession. Good documentation tells the complete story of an object thus far and should provide as much information as possible for the future researcher, curator, or conservator. The conservation profession will benefit from digitising its documentation using software such as databases and hardware like digital cameras and scanners. Digital technology will make conservation documentation more easily accessible, cost/time efficient, and will increase consistency and accuracy of the recorded data, and reduce physical storage space requirements. The major drawback to digitising conservation records is maintaining access to the information for the future; the notorious pace of technological change has serious implications for retrieving data from any machine- readable medium.

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    Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
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      Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies
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  • Authors: U.S. Department Of The Interior, Bureau Of Reclamation;

    On July 15, 1983, the chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) ratified a programmatic memorandum of agreement among the Arizona and New Mexico State Historic Preservation Officers (SHPOs), the Bureau of Reclamation, and the ACHP. The subject of that agreement was the construction of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) and its impact upon historic properties. That agreement was negotiated in compliance with Section 2(b) of Executive Order 11593, "Protection and Enhancement of the Cultural Environment," and Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. A copy of the agreement is attached as an appendix to this report. Because it was designed to cover all aspects of the CAP that remain to be constructed, the agreement was programmatic. As a result, it stipulated that Reclamation prepare a comprehensive, project-wide plan for historic preservation. This document constitutes that plan. It is designed to be a tool that will insure adequate consideration of historic properties as the CAP is completed and lead to appropriate treatment of significant historic resources that lie within the path of construction.