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Polymers
Other literature type . Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
License: CC BY
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Polymers
Article . 2022
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Polymers
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Effect of Aging on the Mechanical Properties of Highly Transparent Fluoropolymers for the Conservation of Archaeological Sites

Authors: Maria Paola Bracciale; Lorena Capasso; Fabrizio Sarasini; Jacopo Tirillò; Maria Laura Santarelli;

Effect of Aging on the Mechanical Properties of Highly Transparent Fluoropolymers for the Conservation of Archaeological Sites

Abstract

In recent years, fluoropolymers have found numerous applications in the architectural field because of their combination of mechanical-chemical resistance and high transparency. In the present work, commercial fluorinated polymers, such as perfluoro alkoxy (PFA) and ethylene tetrafluoroethylene copolymer (ETFE), have been evaluated for use as protective and transparent layers on monumental and archaeological sites (to preserve mosaics or frescoes) during the phases of restoration or maintenance outdoors. Considering this specific application, the present study was developed by evaluating the evolution of the mechanical (tensile, tear propagation resistance, and low-velocity impact tests) and chemical (FTIR and DSC analysis) properties of the films after accelerated UV aging. The results that were obtained demonstrated the high resistance capacity of the ETFE, which exhibits considerably higher elastic modulus and critical tear energy values than PFA films (1075.38 MPa and 131.70 N/mm for ETFE; 625.48 MPa and 59.06 N/mm for PFA). After aging, the samples exhibited only a slight reduction of about 5% in the elastic modulus for both polymers and 10% in the critical tear energy values for PFA. Furthermore, the differences in impact resistance after aging were limited for both polymers; however, the ETFE film showed higher peak force than the PFA films (82.95 N and 42.22 N, respectively). The results obtained demonstrated the high resistance capacity of ETFE films, making them the most suitable candidate for the considered application.

Country
Italy
Related Organizations
Keywords

fluorinated polymers; UV-A accelerated aging; mechanical behavior; archaeological conservation, archaeological conservation, Polymers and Plastics, UV-A accelerated aging, archaeological conservation; fluorinated polymers; mechanical behavior; UV-A accelerated aging, mechanical behavior, General Chemistry, fluorinated polymers

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    5
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
5
Top 10%
Average
Average
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